How to prevent and treat chilblains on the feet?
Chilblains are what is referred to as a non-freezing cold injury. It's a problem that occurs in the cold temperatures but is not a freezing cold problem such as frostbite. They are an abnormal reaction of the small blood vessels within the toes to a change in temperature from cold to warmer. Normally if the foot is cold, the arteries close up in order to save heat. Normally once the foot is warmed up those blood vessels should really open up to raise blood circulation to the tissues. With a chilblain the blood vessels stay closed up for a lengthier period of time after which they finally and quickly open up. This makes an inflammatory response that triggers a painful reddish colored spot on the toe. After a couple of days waste products build up in the epidermis and the colour changes to a dark blue colour. They are usually quite painful.
The ultimate way to manage a chilblain would be to not get one in the first place. You need to do this by not allowing the foot to get cooler using warm hosiery and protective footwear. If the foot does get cooler, then it's vital that you let it warm up slowing to give the arteries the chance to respond to that warming up. It is the too speedy heating up of the epidermis that is the issue in a chilblain. If a chilblain can develop, then it really needs to be protected. Very good warm hosiery and also footwear really should be worn. Using a chilblain cream to massage them promotes the blood circulation and helps with eliminating those waste products that have accumulated. Should the skin becomes damaged, then proper dressing with antiseptics ought to be used and kept getting used until it mends since there is a danger for an infection. It is next crucial that you prevent any more chilblains occuring in following weeks or else there exists a possibility that this may become a persistent issue.